CBD 101

What is CBD?

Where does it come........

If you are wondering why CBD products is popping up everywhere, well you're not alone....come to find out it’s all about this healthy natural occurring chemical compound named Cannabidiol, or (CBD) for short.

Cannabidiol is one of 113 identified phytocannabinoid (Phyto means plant) derived from the Cannabis Sativa plant discovered in 1940 by Dr. Roger Adams and his associates at the University of Illinois.

It accounts for up to 40% of the plant's extract. CBD is a safe and an non-addictive substance.

It is the second-most dominant active chemical compound found in the plant just after Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).

Tetrahydrocannabinol or (THC) for short is the chemical compound that causes a person to feel high or buzzed

This feeling of euphoria is called psychoactive. Make no mistake about it, CBD is closely related to THC. Both CBD and THC have significant therapeutic attributes medicinally.

However, each of these amazing chemical compounds perform differently in the brain and other body CB1 and CB2 receptors.

CBD is great for people who want the health benefits of cannabis without the psychoactive effect from THC.

A little CBD goes a long way

Although a 250 mg bottle of CBD oil costs around $30, a common dosage is a mere 10 mg (give or take). That’s around 1/100 of a tablespoonful of pure CBD.

At that dosage, the bottle would contain a total of 25 servings at a cost of about $1.20 a day.

Many people spend more than that amount each day on sodas or snacks. We all know those things aren’t good for us. But very few people consider a soda and a bag of chips to be expensive.

CBD, on the other hand, could greatly improve your quality of life.

Moreover, as we all know, being in poor health can be exceptionally expensive.

That being said, money is money at any cost and you don’t want to waste it. So it’s important to determine an ideal dosage of CBD oil for your needs and not exceed that amount.

Taking more than you need is a waste of money and unlikely to produce better results.

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Why is CBD so Expensive?

What gives?

Millions of dollars are spent in cultivating, manufacturing, processing, producing and the delivery of hemp.

USA grown hemp is highly regulated. Hemp farmers and processors must pay for state licensing to do their business.

Then there are expenses involved in testing the crops before and after harvesting to assure they are within legal cannabinoid limits and free of pesticides and other contaminants.

Next, the raw hemp flower needs to be transported to an extraction facility where it undergoes the processes, as mentioned earlier.

The end product needs to be packaged, shipped, marketed, and advertised for consumers to find them.

All told, a costly process that makes CBD worth its weight in gold.

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Is CBD Legal?

Is it legal in all 50 states...

CBD/Hemp is legal in all 50 states. However, there are two major caveats worthy of mentioning:

First, Federal guideline are very clear. Hemp products cannot contain more than 0.3% of THC. Any THC levels higher than 0.3% is considered Marijuana.

Secondly, some states were afforded the liberty to pass their own hemp laws, as long as, those laws receive approval from the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) According to “The Agriculture Improvement Act” of 2018.

There are numerous states that have legalized recreational and medicinal marijuana. Which only causes more confusion about what is legal and what is not.

Therefore, we highly recommend you check the state law where you currently reside to remain in compliance. Each state has their stance on the hemp plant.


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What is Industrial Hemp?

History of the Hemp plant......

The industrial hemp plant is documented as one of the oldest and fastest growing plants on the planet. It has origins that date back 10,000 years.

It's a strain of the cannabis sativa plant grown specifically for the industrial uses of derived products.

All parts of the hemp plant can be used. For example; the stalk can be used to manufacture textiles or as biofuel. The seeds can be eaten or turned into hemp seed oil.

Hemp is a great source of fiber grown in more than 30 nations. It is used to make clothes, shoes, plastic, food, beverage, fuel, rope, textiles, paper, building material and the list goes on and on. Simply amazing.

A little Industrial Hemp History.

On August 2, 1937, Congress passed the Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 which placed a tax on the sale of cannabis. A man named Harry J. Anslinger spearheaded the movement that lead to this Act.

Mr. Anslinger was well known as a notorious racist who supported victimization of African Americans.

Back 30s, hemp was primarily consumed by poor African Americans. The plant became widely known by famous African American musicians who enjoyed the relaxation effects. Harry despised that.

He served 32 years. He denounced marijuana as a violent, insanity. He single-handedly waged a rigorous war on narcotics which yes, you guessed it, marijuana/hemp was included.

The plant was classified as a Schedule 1 drug right along with, the heavy duty drugs such as heroin, LSD, ecstasy and magic mushrooms.

Mr. Anslinger influence alone played a critical role in the introduction and passage of the “Marihuana Tax Act of 1937."  Unbelievable! Really, Harry.

In 1961 The United Nations created the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs” an international treaty that prohibits production and supply of specific drugs and of drugs with similar effects except under license for specific purposes, such medical treatment.

In 1970, “The Controlled Substances Act is the statue establishing Federal United States Drug policy under which the manufacture, importation, possession, use, and distribution of certain substances such as narcotics, stimulants, depressants, hallucinogens, anabolic, and steroids. Just to name a few, the Effective date of this act is May 1, 1971.

In 2013,  “The Agricultural Act” was introduced by President Barack Obama. This Act authorizes nutrition and agriculture programs in the United States for the years 2014-2018. It was signed February 7, 2014

In 2018,  “The Hemp Farming Act” a proposed law to remove hemp (defined as cannabis with less than 0.3% THC) from Schedule 1 controlled substances and making it an ordinary agricultural commodity. Effective date of this law is December 20, 2018. Hallelujah!

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How is CBD Processed?

How is CBD Processed?

What are the stages to extracting CBD.......

There are Four Primary Stages to producing CBD Oil:


In short, hemp is a prime plant to grow organically since it doesn’t require a great deal of supplementary nutrition and is reasonably pest- and disease-resistant.

The regulations for pesticide use in farming of any type are primarily federal in nature, though your state may have more stringent pesticide regulations.

The growing cycle for hemp is approximately 108 to 120 days.


Carbon dioxide (CO2) extraction is the most common method of distraction. It's becoming increasingly popular for extracting top quality cannabis oil high in CBD.

(CO2) extraction is considered to be more environmentally friendly, considerably safer, cleaner, cheaper and less toxic than using fossil fuel based extraction – and results in a consistent product that is more palatable.

It's also used to make various food and other products. Basically, oils are extracted from the flowers using various type of solvents.

Then the solvent is removed leaving behind the extracted oil. At this stage, the product is referred to as raw hemp extract.


Fractional distillation of the oil or refinement requires that the oil be heated to a high temperature under a reduced pressure created by a vacuum pump.

This causes the THC and related cannabinoid substances to vaporize. The vapors are condensed back into an oil on contact with a cooled surface.

The desired fraction is collected by selecting the appropriate temperature and pressure for the distillation.

Many of the impurities do not vaporize and are left behind in the flask used for heating the oil.


CBD isolate is a highly specialized and technical process that fits within the overall hemp manufacturing process.

At this stage, the entire process is basically combined from start to finish. To recap, the process involves growing quality hemp flower biomass that has less than 0.3% THC.

Harvesting and drying the flower so it can be extracted. Solvent removal. Refining and Production This process typically requires a specialized facility and specialized equipment with trained operators.

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What is the Endocannabinoid System?

What is the Endocannabinoid System?

What are CB1 and CB2 Receptors........

According to Wikipeda, The endocannabinoid system is a biological system composed of endocannabinoids, which are endogenous lipid-based retrograde neurotransmitters that bind to cannabinoid receptor proteins that are expressed throughout the vertebrate central nervous system and peripheral.

CB1 receptors which are primarily found in the brain, central nerve system, lungs, liver, and kidneys.

CB2 receptors mainly proteins are found in the immune system. Our Endocannabinoid receptors are very intelligent.

They have the ability to act solely on bodily functions that is considered off or out of balance in order to achieve an homeostasis. Homeostasis meaning same, steady, or balanced. 

Overall, the endocannabinoid system plays a crucial role in regulating a vast range of bodily processes, as shown in the picture above. 

These processes affect our everyday walk of life, such as our mood, energy level, immune activity, blood pressure, bone density, stress, hunger, metabolism and much more.....

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So what's all the Rave about CBD products?

So what's all the Rave about CBD products?

Is it really good for your body......

CBD can possibly boost;

Mental Health & Mood

Serotonin is accountable for leading our moods. Low levels of serotonin has been connected to low mood levels, anxiety, and even depression.

CBD products have been shown to increase the levels of Anandamide, a substance known to boost serotonin levels in your brain, and therefore, increasing your mood positively.

Many people have noted using CBD products have helped to reduce the symptoms of their uneasiness and actually provided longer term relief.

While doctor-prescribed medications like anti-depressants, CBD products have been shown to have no side effects, making it an overall better natural solution.

Improved Sleep 

I think we would all agree quality sleep is key to our overall health and state of mind. Millions of people suffer from not getting enough sleep.

CBD and hemp products (some with melatonin) have been shown to be a sleep aid, assisting in mind distraction.

The science behind this is CBD, via high levels of a terpene (an aromatic molecule found in the flower) called Myrcene, which has sedative properties can regulate the way the body acts to the hormones that govern sleep.

If sleep is something you struggle with, give CBD products a try. You have nothing to lose. Especially, if you tried everything else.

Relief from Muscle Discomfort 

CBD have been found to alleviate different types of muscle aches and discomfort. Externally, CBD creams/lotions/salves and gels can be applied directly to sore muscles.

Internally, CBD can be ingested via tinctures, gummies or other edibles. Hemp Flower can be smoked containing low to no amounts of THC.

Cannabinoids acts internally externally by calming down the CB1 and CB2 receptors in your body. They creates a homeostasis or balance affect thereby, reducing discomfort.


Cannabinoids has an amazing effect on the skin. Their known to have anti-aging properties that reduces fine lines and wrinkles.

They aid in alleviating dry skin, eczema, acne and psoriasis just to name a few.

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Can CBD products get you High?

Can CBD products get you High?

Great Question! Interesting Answer......

As the hemp infatuation sweeps the nation, one of the most asked questions is does CBD get you high?

According to Weed Maps,

There are two classifications for the cannabis plant that produces CBD: Hemp and Marijuana.

  • Hemp-derived CBD is sourced from industrial hemp plants, which are grown primarily for their fiber and seeds. Hemp plants tend to differ from marijuana plants in appearance; they are often skinny and scarce in foliage. Hemp is also differentiated from marijuana by its levels of THC, the cannabinoid that possesses intoxicating properties. Under U.S. law a hemp plant must contain no more than 0.3% THC.

  • Marijuana-derived CBD is extracted from marijuana plants that have thick, lush foliage and flowers that are generally grown and consumed for their intoxicating properties.  The U.S. government defines marijuana plants as those which contain more than 0.3% THC. While most marijuana plants contain THC as the predominant cannabinoid, there are several strains of marijuana that are rich in CBD.

CBD extracted from hemp or marijuana, remains identical on a molecular level. Despite the identical molecular constitution of hemp-derived CBD and marijuana-derived CBD, there are certain factors that differentiate CBD products sourced from the two plants.

The main difference between hemp-derived CBD and marijuana-derived CBD is:

  • The Resin content of each plant. Cannabis Resin is found within the trichomes of buds and, to a lesser extent, on the leaves.  Marijuana plants usually contain copious amounts of resin, while industrial hemp plants contain significantly less. Following that logic, marijuana offers a more abundant source of CBD than hemp. In order to extract CBD oil from hemp plants, a much larger quantity is needed.

Following the passing of the 2018 Farm Bill, industrial hemp was removed from the government's list of controlled substances. As a result hemp-derived CBD became legal in all fifty states.

 In contrast, Marijuana-derived CBD products can only be purchased and or consumed in states where medical or recreational cannabis has been legalized.

So with all that being said, can CBD get you high?

If your seeking CBD as a means to get high, you will be disappointed. The levels of THC is too low.

Therefore the answer is NO!

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Can CBD products be detected on a Drug Test?

Can CBD products be detected on a Drug Test?

Hot Topic........

If you want to steer clear of failed drug tests. Please pay close attention to the types of hemp products you plan to consume.

Also, consider the source from which the hemp was deprived:

Hemp-Derived CBD. By federal law, the maximum allowed amount of THC is 0.3%. Unfortunately, there is not enough scientific evidences to confirm or deny whether or not tiny traces of THC will show up on a drug test.

There are rumors out there that suggest consuming small amounts of THC over long periods of time can turn a drug test positive.

But again, not enough research has been conducted to distill these rumors. But rest assure, it’s coming….

Marijuana-Derived CBD.  Several states have legalized marijuana for recreational and medicinal purposes. In these states, THC percentages may vary. This presumably will turn a positive on a drug test.

Other factors which may cause a Failed Drug Test for Hemp consumers are:

  • Mislabeling on hemp products
  • THC is fat soluble which means the substance stays in the fatty cells longer
  • Not reading and or not understanding product content

Another major factor to consider when consuming hemp products is whether or not the hemp is manufactured in the United States.

For example, hemp grown within the US is heavily regulated so you can rest assure hemp products produced in the U.S. are of the best quality.

After all, you’re most likely consuming hemp products as a healthier alternative. Therefore, when in doubt ask questions. Educate yourself. Conduct your own research. Knowledge is power!

Much is known and much is still unknown about these amazing chemical compounds. Cannabinoids are relatively new to society and the workforce. And like everything new the kinks has to be worked out. It may take a while before a decision is made in regards to drug testing and the non- psycho active ingredient in the hemp plant, CBD.......hmm.......stay tuned. 

Therefore, when in doubt 


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Some Good Ole CBD Patent history?

Who owns the Patent for the Hemp Plant?........

If you have done some digging around on the internet, you may have come across information indicating the U.S. government owns the patent to Cannabinoids.

A patent is an exclusive right officially granted by a government to an inventor to make or sell an invention.

Yes it is true. The U.S. government, through the Department of Health and Human Services, applied for and secured a patent for Cannabinoids on October 7, 2003.

Patent Number #06630507. The patent was titled “Cannabinoids as Antioxidants and Neuroprotectants

This patent expired on April 21, 2019.

Who was awarded the Cannabinoid Patent after it expired and left the Government hands? 

The new Patent was granted on July 2, 2019.

The new proud owner of The Plant Patent or Hemp Cultivar...... goes to ....drum roll please.....


Co-Founder & Chairman of CWB Holdings, INC the patent’s listed inventor, - Mr. Joel Stanley


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